Elastomers, Biodegradable

Authored by: John J. Stankus , Jianjun Guan , William R. Wagner

Encyclopedia of Biomaterials and Biomedical Engineering, Second Edition

Print publication date:  May  2008
Online publication date:  May  2008

Print ISBN: 9781420078022
eBook ISBN: 9781498761437
Adobe ISBN:

10.1081/E-EBBE2-120013915

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Abstract

The attraction of biodegradable elastomers for applications in tissue engineering and drug delivery is the latitude that they provide to the biomaterials engineers in achieving mechanical properties that can approximate soft tissue behavior. To achieve these properties, a variety of synthetic biodegradable elastomers have been developed. This entry discusses the two major groups, polyesters and polyurethanes, although the majority of examples of the latter contain polyester segments. The synthesis, mechanical properties, and biodegradation are generally addressed for these polymers, and appropriate biocompatability, processing, and applications are also provided.

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