Biomedical Ethics

Authored by: Daniel E. Wueste

Encyclopedia of Biomaterials and Biomedical Engineering, Second Edition

Print publication date:  May  2008
Online publication date:  May  2008

Print ISBN: 9781420078022
eBook ISBN: 9781498761437
Adobe ISBN:

10.1081/E-EBBE2-120041871

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Abstract

The key elements of the principlist approach are the principles of autonomy, nonmaleficence, beneficence, and justice. This entry examines each of these principles to reveal the character of each, how they differ from one another, and how they can be applied in practice. It clarifies the notion of applied or practical ethics; distinguishes two sorts of ethical standards, and explains how they are related to one another; and explains the distinction between absolute and prima facie principles. An example is provided to underscore the necessity for judgment that emerges from systematic, reflective, and responsible engagement with the pressing issues of biomedical ethics.

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