Submerged Aquatic Vegetation: Seagrasses

Authored by: Alyssa Novak , Frederick T. Short

Encyclopedia of Natural Resources

Print publication date:  July  2014
Online publication date:  June  2014

Print ISBN: 9781439852583
eBook ISBN: 9781351043847
Adobe ISBN:

10.1081/E-ENRW-120047540

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Abstract

Seagrasses are marine angiosperms found in shallow coastal waters along every continent except Antarctica. They form extensive meadows that provide important ecosystem services, including storing carbon, improving water quality, providing food and habitat, and acting as a biological indicator of coastal conditions. Seagrass meadows are rapidly declining primarily due to anthropogenic factors, including global climate change. Strong science-based management and regulatory strategies are needed to maintain and increase seagrass habitats, as well as build their resilience to stressors in a globally changing environment.

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