Aquaculture

Authored by: Carrie J. Byron

Encyclopedia of Natural Resources

Print publication date:  July  2014
Online publication date:  June  2014

Print ISBN: 9781439852583
eBook ISBN: 9781351043847
Adobe ISBN:

10.1081/E-ENRW-120047572

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Abstract

Aquaculture is the process of cultivating aquatic organisms in a controlled setting and may include some or all of the processes of breeding, rearing, and harvesting. Aquaculture is increasing on a global scale with disproportionate growth in Asia. Rearing of some species, particularly salmon and shrimp, over time, has received criticism for their negative influence on environmental health. New technologies and innovative approaches to aquaculture, such as integrated multitrophic aquaculture and utilizing carrying capacity for an ecosystem approach to aquaculture, provide a sustainable path forward for the management of aquaculture, particularly in coastal waters.

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