Farm Machinery for Conservation Agriculture

Authored by: Shiv Kumar Lohan , Mahesh Kumar Narang

Agricultural Impacts of Climate Change

Print publication date:  December  2019
Online publication date:  November  2019

Print ISBN: 9780367345235
eBook ISBN: 9780429326349
Adobe ISBN:

10.1201/9780429326349-16

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Abstract

Farm mechanization is dependent mainly upon the size of land holding, sources, and availability of farm power. Farm mechanization is the application of engineering & technology in agricultural operation to do a job in a better way to improve the productivity. The proper use of mechanized inputs in agriculture has a direct and significant effect on the production, productivity, and profitability on agricultural farms, along with labor productivity and the quality of life of people engaged in agriculture (Singh et al., 2003; Singh et al., 2006; Dixit et al., 2014). Since the cultivated area cannot be increased, the increased production will be possible only by increased productivity and increased crop intensity. Out of the total 5,036,000 ha geographical area of Punjab state of India, the net sown area has been increased from 3.75 m ha to 4.25 m ha, whereas the gross cropped area has increased from 4.73 m ha to 7.88 m ha resulting in an increase in the cropping intensity from 112% to 196% from 1960–1961 to 2012–2013 (Lohan et al., 2015). The productivity of farms depends greatly on the availability and judicious use of farm power by the farmers (Yadav and Lohan, 2006). Farm mechanization has made a significant contribution in enhancing the agricultural productivity and production. Figure 16.1 Trends of farm power availability, food grain production, and productivity.

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