Plant-Mediated Biosynthesis of Nanoparticles

Authored by: Majid Darroudi , Mohammad Ehsan Taghavizadeh Yazdi , Mohammad Sadegh Amiri

21 Century Nanoscience – A Handbook

Print publication date:  April  2020
Online publication date:  April  2020

Print ISBN: 9780815357032
eBook ISBN: 9780429351525
Adobe ISBN:

10.1201/9780429351525-1

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Abstract

The major solicitous idea that nanotechnology has to deal with has been shown to be the synthesis of nanoparticles (NPs) that are of varied sizes and shapes, have different chemical compositions and controlled dispersity, and are ultimately capable of being utilized for human benefit. Considering the already-existing chemical and physical techniques capable of successfully producing pure and well-defined NPs, they are quite costly and can have potentially hazardous effects on the environment. Lately, progress in the use of efficient green chemistry procedures in the synthesis of metal NPs has turned into the major focal point of researchers. Researches and enquiries have been done in order to discover an eco-friendly method for assessing the composition of well-characterized NPs. The arrangement of metal NPs through the use of organisms is one of the most noted procedures. Plants, being one such organism, have captured the title of most acceptable for the large-scale biosynthesis of NPs. When compared with the NPs originated from microorganisms, those originated from plants have proven to be more balanced and firm, along with possessing much quicker synthesis times. Additionally, these particular NPs have been observed to be more diverse in their shape and size when compared with the ones that are produced by other organisms. The existing benefits and superiority of utilizing plant and plant-derived substances in the biosynthesis of metal NPs have tempted many researchers to examine the mechanisms of metal ions uptake and bioreduction by plants, as well as to better comprehend the feasible mechanism of metal NP genesis in plants.

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