Counterparty Credit Risk and Collateral Risk

Authored by: Thierry Roncalli

Handbook of Financial Risk Management

Print publication date:  April  2020
Online publication date:  April  2020

Print ISBN: 9781138501874
eBook ISBN: 9781315144597
Adobe ISBN:


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Counterparty credit risk and collateral risk are other forms of credit risk, where the underlying credit risk is not directly generated by the economic objective of the financial transaction. Therefore, it can reduce the P&L of the portfolio and create a loss even if the business objective is reached. A typical example is the purchase transaction of a credit default swap. In this case, we have previously seen that the protection buyer is hedged against the credit risk if the reference entity defaults. This is partially true, because the protection buyer faces the risk that the protection seller also defaults. In this example, we see that the total P&L of the financial transaction is the direct P&L of the economic objective minus the potential loss due to the transaction settlement. Another example concerns the collateral risk, since the P&L of the financial transaction is directly affected by the mark-to-market of the collateral portfolio.

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