Environmental Flows Assessment in Scarce Water Resources

Authored by: Alireza Davari , Ali Bagheri , Mohammad Naser Reyhani , Saeid Eslamian

Handbook of Drought and Water Scarcity

Print publication date:  July  2017
Online publication date:  July  2017

Print ISBN: 9781498731041
eBook ISBN: 9781315226781
Adobe ISBN:

10.1201/9781315226781-18

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Abstract

Humankind relies on rivers for an array of functions including biodiversity and conservation, irrigation, and domestic or industrial water supply. Providing flows for biota and environmental processes is a challenging water management issue. For society, the ability and readiness to allocate water to sustain the environment is increasingly competitive due to the rising demand and as a consequence of climate change. Environmental flows are defined as the discharge of water in streams and rivers, necessary to sustain aquatic ecosystems, and human communities depend on them. The assessment and provisioning of environmental flows are an important component of integrated water resources management to ensure the sustainability of vital aquatic ecosystems.

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