Iranian Qan?ts

An Ancient and Sustainable Water Resources Utilization

Authored by: Saeid Eslamian , Alireza Davari , Mohammad Naser Reyhani

Underground Aqueducts Handbook

Print publication date:  November  2016
Online publication date:  November  2016

Print ISBN: 9781498748308
eBook ISBN: 9781315368566
Adobe ISBN:


 Download Chapter



Water, the most precious commodity in deserts, is the single most natural resource that determines the suitability of a habitat for the living organisms. Throughout the arid Middle East and North Africa, water shortages have become increasingly acute. Population growth, combined with agricultural expansion and intensification, has heightened demand for domestic, industrial, and agricultural (especially irrigation) water use. Local surface and subsurface water resources are no longer sufficient to meet these burgeoning needs throughout the region (Ahmadi et al. 2010). Domestic water supply is so short that it is rationed in a number of Middle-Eastern cities, and, as the region's cities continue to grow, it is likely that urban water demand will also grow (Gupta and Onta 1997). In rural areas, irrigation water is increasingly scarce. A scarcity of irrigation water will force small farmers off the land and increase food imports across the Middle East (Gupta and Onta 1997).

Search for more...
Back to top

Use of cookies on this website

We are using cookies to provide statistics that help us give you the best experience of our site. You can find out more in our Privacy Policy. By continuing to use the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.