The Aqueduct of Eupalinos on Samos, Greece, and Its Restoration

Authored by: Costas Zambas , George Dounias , George Angistalis

Underground Aqueducts Handbook

Print publication date:  November  2016
Online publication date:  November  2016

Print ISBN: 9781498748308
eBook ISBN: 9781315368566
Adobe ISBN:


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The famous archaic aqueduct on Samos dated from the sixth century BC has been in the limelight ever since it was discovered in the late nineteenth century. Worldwide attention is drawn on the unique tunnel that was bored from both ends, without the use of guiding shafts, by applying geometry and mathematics. The interest and the search for the tunnel were fueled by Herodotus’ (485–421/415 BC) clear description of its main features and the great importance he attributed to it. The aqueduct is described in unsurpassed detail by Herman Kienast (1995, 2005). Most of the archaeological information in this note comes from Kienast's publications. The monument is included in the World Heritage List of UNESCO since 1992 and was declared an International Tunneling Landmark by the International Tunneling Association in 2015 (

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