Nuclear Accidents

Authored by: B. G. Lipták

Volume I Measurement and Safety

Print publication date:  October  2016
Online publication date:  November  2016

Print ISBN: 9781498727648
eBook ISBN: 9781315370330
Adobe ISBN:

10.1201/9781315370330-144

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Abstract

The purpose of this chapter is to show the causes of the best-known three nuclear accidents, emphasize the similarity of their causes, and show that the use of state-of-the-art automation could have prevented all three of them. I will show how automation can substantially improve the safety of nuclear power plants. I will first give an overview of the evolution and the present nature of operation of this industry, followed by a general description of the boiling water reactor (BWR)* and the pressurized water reactor (PWR). I will do this because a good understanding of the personality of any process is essential before we can safely control it and because using reliable measurement devices is also essential to achieve this goal.

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