A critical overview of renewable energy technologies for desalination

Authored by: Hacene Mahmoudi , Noreddine Ghaffour , Mattheus F.A. Goosen , Jochen Bundschuh

Renewable Energy Technologies for Water Desalination

Print publication date:  June  2017
Online publication date:  July  2017

Print ISBN: 9781138029170
eBook ISBN: 9781315643915
Adobe ISBN:

10.1201/9781315643915-1

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Abstract

Rapid population growth and industrialization as well as climatic change have placed increasing strains on global potable water supplies (Caldera et al., 2016; Goosen et al., 2016; Sahin et al., 2016). In particular, the demand for this limited renewable resource is anticipated to intensify due to the requirements of the agricultural, manufacturing and urban sectors. The United Nations World Water Assessment Programme estimates that by 2030 only 60% of the worldwide water needs can be met (Connor, 2015). Additionally, while economic development opens up and advances economies, and creates new wealth, it can be argued that millions of people do not benefit directly from this financial progress (Goosen, 2013; Gottinger and Goosen, 2012). This poses new challenges to the effective governance of potable water resource systems.

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