Optical Spectroscopy of Nanomaterials

Authored by: Yoshihiko. Kanemitsu

6 Handbook of Nanophysics

Print publication date:  September  2010
Online publication date:  September  2010

Print ISBN: 9781420075502
eBook ISBN: 9781420075519
Adobe ISBN:


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Over the past two decades, there have been extensive studies on the optical properties of semiconductor nanomaterials from the fundamental physics viewpoint and from the interest in the application to functional devices, because they exhibit unique size-dependent quantum properties [1-11]. In this chapter, we discuss optical properties of semiconductor nanomateri¬als of zero-dimensional (0D) nanoparticle quantum dots and one-dimensional (1D) carbon nanotubes. In optical studies of nanoparticle quantum dots and carbon nanotubes, we would like to point out two important reports opening new active fields: the discovery of room-temperature-visible luminescence from porous silicon in 1990 [12] and the discovery of efficient luminescence from isolated carbon nanotubes in 2002 [13]. These observations of efficient luminescence clearly show that nanoparticles and carbon nanotubes are high-quality crystal¬line semiconductors. Many different fabrication methods have been developed to obtain stable and efficient luminescence from nanoparticles and carbon nanotubes, e.g., core/shell nanopar¬ticles, suspended isolated nanotubes, and so on [14-20]. These nanomaterials become new materials for optoelectronic devices such as wavelength-tunable light-emitting diodes and lasers, quantum light sources, and solar cell applications.

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