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Handbook of Anatomical Models for Radiation Dosimetry

Authored by: Xie George Xu , Keith F. Eckerman

Print publication date:  September  2009
Online publication date:  September  2009

Print ISBN: 9781420059793
eBook ISBN: 9781420059809
Adobe ISBN:

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Book description

Over the past few decades, the radiological science community has developed and applied numerous models of the human body for radiation protection, diagnostic imaging, and nuclear medicine therapy. The Handbook of Anatomical Models for Radiation Dosimetry provides a comprehensive review of the development and application of these computational models, known as "phantoms."

An ambitious and unparalleled project, this pioneering work is the result of several years of planning and preparation involving 64 authors from across the world. It brings together recommendations and information sanctioned by the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) and documents 40 years of history and the progress of those involved with cutting-edge work with Monte Carlo Codes and radiation protection dosimetry. This volume was in part spurred on by the ICRP?s key decision to adopt voxelized computational phantoms as standards for radiation protection purposes. It is an invaluable reference for those working in that area as well as those employing or developing anatomical models for a a number of clinical applications.

Assembling the work of nearly all major phantom developers around the world, this volume examines:

  • The history of the research and development in computational phantoms
  • Detailed accounts for each of the well-known phantoms, including the MIRD-5, GSF Voxel Family Phantoms, NCAT, UF Hybrid Pediatric Phantoms, VIP-Man, and the latest ICRP Reference Phantoms
  • Physical phantoms for experimental radiation dosimetry
  • The smallest voxel size (0.2 mm), phantoms developed from the Chinese Visible Human Project

  • Applications for radiation protection dosimetry involving environmental, nuclear power plant, and internal contamination exposures

  • Medical applications, including nuclear medicine therapy, CT examinations, x-ray radiological image optimization, nuclear medicine imaging, external photon and proton treatments, and management of respiration in modern image-guided radiation treatment
  • Patient-specific phantoms used for radiation treatment planning involving two Monte Carlo code systems: GEANT4 and EGS
  • Future needs for research and development

Related data sets are available for download on the authors? website. The breadth and depth of this work enables readers to obtain a unique sense of the complete scientific process in computational phantom development, from the conception of an idea, to the identification of original anatomical data, to solutions of various computing problems, and finally, to the ownership and sharing of results in this groundbreaking field that holds so much promise.

Table of contents

Chapter  1:  Computational Phantoms for Radiation Dosimetry: A 40-Year History of Evolution Download PDF
Chapter  2:  Stylized Computational Phantoms Developed at ORNL and Elsewhere Download PDF
Chapter  3:  The GSF* Voxel Computational Phantom Family Download PDF
Chapter  4:  The ADELAIDE Teenage Female Voxel Computational Phantom Download PDF
Chapter  5:  The MCAT, NCAT, XCAT, and MOBY Computational Human and Mouse Phantoms Download PDF
Chapter  6:  The 3D and 4D VIP-Man Computational Phantoms Download PDF
Chapter  7:  The FAX06 and the MAX06 Computational Voxel Phantoms Download PDF
Chapter  8:  The University of Florida Pediatric Phantom Series Download PDF
Chapter  9:  Japanese Computational Phantoms: Otoko, Onago, JM, JM2, JF, TARO, HANAKO, Pregnant Woman, and Deformable Child Download PDF
Chapter  10:  Korean Computational Phantoms: KMIRD, KORMAN, KORWOMAN, KTMAN-1, KTMAN-2, and HDRK-Man Download PDF
Chapter  11:  Chinese Voxel Computational Phantoms: CNMAN, VCH, and CVP Download PDF
Chapter  12:  Pregnant Female/Fetus Computational Phantoms and the Latest RPI-P Series Representing 3, 6, and 9 Month Gestational Periods Download PDF
Chapter  13:  The Vanderbilt University Reference Adult and Pediatric Phantom Series Download PDF
Chapter  14:  Mesh-Based and Anatomically Adjustable Adult Phantoms and a Case Study in Virtual Calibration of a Lung Counter for Female Workers Download PDF
Chapter  15:  Applications to Secondary Radiation Dosimetry in External Beam Radiation Therapy Download PDF
Chapter  16:  Physical Phantoms for Experimental Radiation Dosimetry Download PDF
Chapter  17:  Applications to Environmental Exposures Download PDF
Chapter  18:  Applications to External Radiation Exposures in Nuclear Power Plants Download PDF
Chapter  19:  Applications to Bioassay for Internal Radiation Contamination Download PDF
Chapter  20:  Applications to Nuclear Medicine Download PDF
Chapter  21:  Applications to Computed Tomography for Pediatric Patients Download PDF
Chapter  22:  Applications to Computed Tomography for Adult Patients Download PDF
Chapter  23:  Applications to Optimization of X-Ray Radiographic Imaging Download PDF
Chapter  24:  Applications to Nuclear Medicine Imaging and Dosimetry Involving MCAT, NCAT, and MOBY Phantoms Download PDF
Chapter  25:  Applications to Secondary Radiation Dosimetry in External Beam Radiation Therapy Download PDF
Chapter  26:  Applications to Image-Guided Radiation Treatment Planning Download PDF
Chapter  27:  Dose Calculations in Radiation Therapy Based on Patient Models Using the Geant4 Monte Carlo Code Download PDF
Chapter  28:  Applications to Patient-Specific Voxel Computational Phantoms in EGS Monte Carlo Codes for Radiation Treatment Involving Photons and Electrons Download PDF
Chapter  29:  Applications to Nonionizing Radiation Protection Download PDF
Chapter  30:  Summary and Future Needs Related to Computational Phantoms Download PDF
Contributors Download PDF
Colour_Plates Download PDF
prelims Download PDF
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