Water Security: Concept, Measurement, and Operationalization

Authored by: Chansheng He , Lanhui Zhang , Xifeng Zhang , Saeid Eslamian

Handbook of Engineering Hydrology

Print publication date:  March  2014
Online publication date:  March  2014

Print ISBN: 9781466552494
eBook ISBN: 9781466552500
Adobe ISBN:

10.1201/b16766-29

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Abstract

Rapid population growth, fast urbanization, increasing economic expansion, drastic land cover alterations, and climate change have resulted in a global water crisis [49]. Worldwide, approximately 2.6 billion people lack access to safe drinking water supply and improved sanitation, and water-associated diseases cause serious illness of over 300 million people each year [50,51], and by 2025, over 3.5 billion people will have water shortages [25,45,46]. The World Economic Forum [46] defines water supply crisis as one of the top five crises facing the globe in the next 10 years.

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