Authored by: Robert A. Douglas

Low-Volume Road Engineering: Design, Construction, and Maintenance

Print publication date:  December  2015
Online publication date:  January  2016

Print ISBN: 9781482212631
eBook ISBN: 9781482212655
Adobe ISBN:


 Download Chapter



Geosynthetics—filter cloth, filter fabrics, geotextiles, geogrids, geonets, geomembranes, geowebs, geocomposites—exploded into geotechnical engineering in the 1970s. The North American market alone went from under 8 × 106 m2 (10 × 106 yd2) sold in 1976 to over 500 × 106 m2 (600 × 106 yd2) in 1992 [12.1]. The global market was estimated at approximately 2 × 109 m2 (2.4 × 109 yd2) in 2010, and is forecast to be in excess of 5 × 109 m2 (6 × 109 yd2) by 2018.* The dramatic development of a market for these new products for earthworks occurred for the following reasons [12.1]:

They are products manufactured under factory conditions, including quality control

They can be installed rapidly

They generally replace or reduce the use of natural materials (aggregate, for example)

They are generally cost-competitive with the natural materials they replace

Search for more...
Back to top

Use of cookies on this website

We are using cookies to provide statistics that help us give you the best experience of our site. You can find out more in our Privacy Policy. By continuing to use the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.