Optoelectronic and Transport Properties of Gapped Graphene

Authored by: Godfrey Gumbs , Danhong Huang , Andrii Iurov , Bo Gao

Graphene Science Handbook

Print publication date:  April  2016
Online publication date:  April  2016

Print ISBN: 9781466591318
eBook ISBN: 9781466591325
Adobe ISBN:


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We review the transmission of Dirac electrons through a potential barrier in the presence of circularly polarized light. A different type of transmission is demonstrated and explained. Perfect transmission for nearly head-on collision in infinite graphene is suppressed in gapped dressed states of electrons. We also present our results on enhanced mobility of hot Dirac electrons in nanoribbons and magnetoplasmons in graphene in the presence of the energy gap. The calculated carrier mobility for a graphene nanoribbon as a function of the bias field possesses a high threshold for entering the nonlinear transport regime. This threshold is a function of both extrinsic and intrinsic properties, such as lattice temperature, linear density, impurity scattering strength, ribbon width, and correlation length for the line-edge roughness. Analysis of nonequilibrium carrier distribution function confirms that the difference between linear and nonlinear transport is due to sweeping electrons from the right to left Fermi one through elastic scattering as well as moving electrons from low- to high-energy ones through field-induced heating. The plasmons, as well as the electron–hole continuum are determined by both energy gap and the magnetic field, showing very specific features, which have been studied and discussed in detail.

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