War and Revolution as National Heritage

‘Red Tourism’ in China

Authored by: Horng-luen Wang

Routledge Handbook of Heritage in Asia

Print publication date:  December  2011
Online publication date:  March  2012

Print ISBN: 9780415600453
eBook ISBN: 9780203156001
Adobe ISBN: 9781136582042


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It is now clear that heritage is inextricably intertwined with nation-building, on the one hand, and the development of tourism, on the other. The triangular relations between heritage, tourism and political identity have been nicely summarised by Ashworth (1995), who draws a diagram and brings up three propositions: (1) heritage contributes toward political identity; (2) heritage supports tourism; and (3) heritage tourism contributes toward the individual’s appreciation of places and thus political identification; this idea is assumed in the educational and socialisation functions of heritage. These relations are succinctly illustrated in Figure 14.1. Ashworth further points out that each of the apices in the diagram has different sets of links with wider systems of which they are integral parts. Figure 14.1 Triangular relations between heritage, place identity and tourism (adapted from Ashworth 1995: 69)

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