Natural Resource Governance and Hybrid Political Orders

Authored by: Gilles Carbonnier , Achim Wennmann

Routledge Handbook of International Statebuilding

Print publication date:  March  2013
Online publication date:  September  2013

Print ISBN: 9780415677028
eBook ISBN: 9780203370377
Adobe ISBN: 9781135939946


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Since the commodity price boom that started a decade ago, an increasing number of poor countries have become resource-rich – or rather mineral-dependent – in that more than a quarter of their exports of goods consist of fossil fuels and minerals. By 2010, 61 low- and middle-income countries were mineral-dependent, many of these being in sub-Saharan Africa. This is a one-third increase in just 14 years (Haglund, 2011: 3). Resource dependence tends to be associated with weak governance indicators. Hence, natural resource management (NRM) in general, and the governance of extractive resources in particular, has become a critical issue in many weak states undergoing complex peacebuilding and/or statebuilding processes.

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