Authored by: Stephen Parkinson

The Romance Languages

Print publication date:  January  1988
Online publication date:  December  2003

Print ISBN: 9780415164177
eBook ISBN: 9780203426531
Adobe ISBN: 9781134712298


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Portuguese, like English, has spread too far and wide to be described solely in terms of its European forms. The polarisation of European Portuguese varieties (abbreviated EP) and Brazilian Portuguese varieties (BP), and the relative decline in the cultural and economic position of Portugal are such that the Brazilian standard must be given equal status with the European. Accordingly, divergences between Brazilian and European Portuguese are noted wherever relevant. In general, European Portuguese forms are used for exemplification and phonetic transcriptions reflect Lisbon Portuguese, which is the de facto European standard, though the traditional definition of standard EP as ‘the educated speech of Lisbon and Coimbra’ still has many adherents. The twin standards of Rio de Janeiro (Carioca) and São Paulo (Paulista), followed by the north and south of the country respectively, dominate Brazilian Portuguese usage. No attempt will be made to distinguish them on a systematic basis. The main dialect areas of Portugal and Brazil are shown in Maps II and III.

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