Reframing the state in eradicating discrimination

Freedom of religion or belief and non-discrimination

Authored by: Nazila Ghanea

Routledge Handbook of Law and Religion

Print publication date:  March  2015
Online publication date:  March  2015

Print ISBN: 9780415836425
eBook ISBN: 9780203694268
Adobe ISBN: 9781135045555


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International human rights instruments categorically insist on there being no discrimination on the grounds of religion or belief. This is clear from the language of the UN Charter itself and it is further reiterated in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The UN Charter’s Article 1.3 holds one of the purposes of the United Nations to be the promotion and encouragement of ‘respect for human rights and for fundamental freedoms for all without distinction’ 1 1

Charter of the United Nations, adopted 24 October 1945, 1 UNTS XVI, Art. 1.3.

inter alia on the basis of religion. Entitlement to all the rights and freedoms of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights is also without distinction of any kind, such as religion, as outlined in its Article 2. 2 2

Universal Declaration of Human Rights, adopted 10 December 1948, UNGA Res 217 A(III) (UDHR), Art. 2.

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