Apologies and forgiveness

Authored by: Naomi H. McGloin , Mutsuko Endo Hudson , Fumiko Nazikian , Tomomi Kakegawa

Modern Japanese Grammar

Print publication date:  October  2013
Online publication date:  March  2017

Print ISBN: 9780415571999
eBook ISBN: 9780203856628
Adobe ISBN: 9781135151393


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Apologies express one’s acknowledgement of failure to fulfil a responsibility or to meet someone’s expectation. An apology expresses one’s regret, which then indicates one’s humility or consideration for others. Generally, Japanese are more ready to apologize than Americans, seeing it as preferable to take responsibility instead of blaming others. There are a variety of expressions of apology depending on the level of politeness.

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