Authored by: Naomi H. McGloin , Mutsuko Endo Hudson , Fumiko Nazikian , Tomomi Kakegawa

Modern Japanese Grammar

Print publication date:  October  2013
Online publication date:  March  2017

Print ISBN: 9780415571999
eBook ISBN: 9780203856628
Adobe ISBN: 9781135151393


 Download Chapter



There are two major formulaic expressions used in ordering food or other items such as books: onegai shimasu and kudasai. O-negai shimasu means ‘I would like to make a request’ and is used in making a request for the addressee’s services or actions. The other expression is kudasai, which means ‘please give me X.’ This expression is normally used when making a request for specific items or objects rather than for the addressee’s services.

Search for more...
Back to top

Use of cookies on this website

We are using cookies to provide statistics that help us give you the best experience of our site. You can find out more in our Privacy Policy. By continuing to use the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.