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Authored by: Trevor Bryce , Heather D. Baker , Daniel T. Potts , Jonathan N. Tubb , Jennifer M. Webb , Paul Zimansky

The Routledge Handbook of the Peoples and Places of Ancient Western Asia

Print publication date:  July  2009
Online publication date:  September  2009

Print ISBN: 9780415394857
eBook ISBN: 9780203875506
Adobe ISBN:


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Ebenezer Early Iron Age city in northern Palestine, attested in OT tradition as the site where the Israelites pitched camp before their battle with the Philistines, reported in 1 Samuel 4:1–11. The Philistines, whose encampment was at Aphek, twice defeated the Israelites, and followed up their success by seizing the Ark of the Covenant; the Israelites had brought this from Shiloh in an attempt to secure victory after their first defeat. The site of Ebenezer, not yet identified, must have lain close to Tel Aphek, where the Philistines camped before the battle. An equation with ‘Izbet Sartah (q.v.) has been suggested.


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