Individual and Group Decision Making

Authored by: Mark Schafer

Routledge Handbook of American Foreign Policy

Print publication date:  August  2011
Online publication date:  April  2012

Print ISBN: 9780415800884
eBook ISBN: 9780203878637
Adobe ISBN: 9781135967352


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Any model of foreign policy making that fails to include the role of humans, while perhaps parsimonious, is inherently underspecified. Every foreign policy decision must pass through human beings, regardless of rational, structural, or socially constructed constraints. In the end, human beings make decisions. And if we recognize that truism, then we must also recognize that psychology is an essential component of analyzing foreign policy decision making, because all human actors are psychological beings.

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