The Babylonian Economy The First Millennium BC

Authored by: Michael Jursa

The Babylonian World

Print publication date:  August  2007
Online publication date:  June  2009

Print ISBN: 9780415353465
eBook ISBN: 9780203946237
Adobe ISBN: 9781134261284

10.4324/9780203946237.ch15

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Abstract

The first millennium is one the best documented periods Mesopotamian history. Both archaeological remains and textual sources are available abundance, but their diachronic distribution uneven. 1 The first two centuries are only very scarcely documented and contemporary texts are rare. Assyrian sources and later chronicles suggest that this was a period unrest, collapse central authority and general economic decline. The eighth and especially the seventh century have yielded slightly richer documentation, for instance eighth-century letter archive from central Babylonian Nippur (Cole 1996). This also the period the end which a gradual increase both the number and the size settlements first becomes perceptible the archaeological record. From about 700 onwards, demographic growth and increasing urbanisation are the decisive economic trends, especially for northern Babylonia, well into the Sassanian period. the culmination this development, the first centuries ad, probably the entire agriculturally usable area the southern alluvium had been taken under the plough.

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