From the welfare state to the social-ecological state

Authored by: Éloi Laurent

The Routledge Handbook of the Political Economy of the Environment

Print publication date:  October  2021
Online publication date:  October  2021

Print ISBN: 9780367410704
eBook ISBN: 9780367814533
Adobe ISBN:


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This chapter focuses on the necessary and possible metamorphosis from the welfare state of the 20th century into a social-ecological state freed from growth and aiming at full health calibrated for the 21st century. The chapter first retraces the genealogy of the social-ecological state (first section) to then clarify its philosophy (second section), its perceived need of economic growth (third section), its functions (fourth section4) and, as an illustration of its necessary generalization to all levels of governance, its application to urban policy (final section).

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