Politics, identity and religion in Turkey

From Atatürk to the AKP

Authored by: Jeffrey Haynes

The Routledge Handbook of Religion, Politics and Ideology

Print publication date:  August  2021
Online publication date:  August  2021

Print ISBN: 9780367417826
eBook ISBN: 9780367816230
Adobe ISBN:


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Turkey has been ruled by an Islam-leaning government for two decades. Yet, Turkey has not developed into an ‘Islamic state' like those in Iran, Saudi Arabia, Afghanistan during Taliban rule (1996–2001), or the large areas of Iraqi territory controlled by Islamic State between 2014 and 2018. Instead, the rule of the current AKP government is often noted for the ‘moderation' of its Islam-influenced government. It is an example of a Muslim-majority country that, its government claims, seeks to advance secularism, not to advance the position of one religious group over others while cementing a democratic political culture.

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