Intercity modal competition

Authored by: Roger Vickerman

The Routledge Handbook of Public Transport

Print publication date:  May  2021
Online publication date:  May  2021

Print ISBN: 9780367418724
eBook ISBN: 9780367816698
Adobe ISBN:


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The market for intercity travel has received much less attention than those for local travel. It is more diverse and complex, ranging from travel between two adjacent cities to that between major conurbations hundreds of kilometres apart. Journeys are typically made less frequently than the regular trips that dominate urban travel markets and are more likely to involve multimodal trips. Historically, the markets for interurban travel were highly regulated. The growth of intercity highway networks, the deregulation of airlines and coach services and the liberalisation of the market for rail services has changed the pattern of provision and competition. This has come alongside social change that has increased mobility. This chapter explores the extent of changes in interurban travel markets by road, rail and air over recent decades and how regulation and competition have dealt with these changes in a range of countries, including the United States, United Kingdom and other European countries. Priorities for future research on this topic are identified.

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