Authored by: Maria Bulakh

The Semitic Languages

Print publication date:  March  2019
Online publication date:  March  2019

Print ISBN: 9780415731959
eBook ISBN: 9780429025563
Adobe ISBN:


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Tigrinya (self-name tɨgrɨɲɲa or k’ʷank’ʷa ħabəʃa) is an Ethio-Semitic language, classified in Hetzron (1972: 7) as belonging, together with Geez and Tigre, to the North Ethio-Semitic group. As argued in Bulakh and Kogan (2010), however, North Ethio-Semitic is not a genetic group: its main features (preservation of bare pcl in the main clause, productive “broken” plural, etc.) are retentions from the common Ethio-Semitic stock (but cf. §7 on some lexical innovations), and the three languages, left after splitting-off of Proto-South-Ethio-Semitic from Ethio-Semitic, must have developed independently, although in close contact. For a map of the area of speakers, see Map 8.1.

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