Saudi Arabia and the 1744 Alliance between the Al Saud and the Al-Sheikh

A legitimizing and enduring union

Authored by: Joseph A. Kéchichian

Routledge Handbook Of Persian Gulf Politics

Print publication date:  June  2020
Online publication date:  May  2020

Print ISBN: 9780367193737
eBook ISBN: 9780429201981
Adobe ISBN:

10.4324/9780429201981-4

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Abstract

This chapter examines a key event in the birth of modern-day Saudi Arabia—the 1744 alliance between the Al Saud and the al-Sheikh. It traces the followers of al-daʿwah ila al-tawhid (the call to the doctrine of the Oneness of God), or “Wahhabists” as they are more commonly known (begrudgingly so), specifically the rise and enduring legacy of Muhammad bin Abdul Wahhab and how his extraordinary alliance with Muhammad bin Saud came about. The chapter further explores the spectrum of interests, ranging from the spiritual to the political, including military and business concerns, contained within this agreement that effectively united the Arabian tribes and remade the Arabian Peninsula.

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