The fascist legacy in the built environment

Authored by: Francesco Cianfarani

The Routledge Companion to Italian Fascist Architecture

Print publication date:  May  2020
Online publication date:  April  2020

Print ISBN: 9780367348519
eBook ISBN: 9780429328435
Adobe ISBN:

10.4324/9780429328435-2

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Abstract

This chapter provides an extensive introduction to the main infrastructure, urban designs and building typologies produced in Italy and its overseas colonies under fascism. It also provides a concise overview on the key aspects of fascist urbanism and architecture by referring to the most influential historical and critical studies developed on the topic over the past 40 years. By moving from an introduction about political relationships between the regime and Italian architects, the contribution provides a survey on recurring regional planning strategies, urban policies, and state-sponsored architecture built to implement the idea of nation and society envisioned by Mussolini. The following topics are discussed in the chapter: fascism and modern architecture; fascist urbanism and new towns; colonial territories; Case del Fascio; train stations and post offices; ONB and GIL buildings; summer camps; stadia; exhibitions, OND, and cinema buildings; summer camps; and institutional architecture.

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