The United States in the Second World War

1941–1945

Authored by: Gerhard L. Weinberg

The Routledge Handbook of American Military and Diplomatic History

Print publication date:  June  2013
Online publication date:  August  2013

Print ISBN: 9780415888479
eBook ISBN: 9781135070991
Adobe ISBN: 9781135071028

10.4324/9781135070991.ch14

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Abstract

When Franklin Delano Roosevelt was inaugurated as President in March, 1933, the world had changed vastly since his defeat as Democratic Party candidate for Vice-President in 1920 by Calvin Coolidge, who had succeeded to the presidency on Warren Harding’s death. Internally, the United States was in a depression that started with a crash in the stock market, led to extensive unemployment, and spread around the world, with further devastating effects on American foreign trade. The last of these effects was accentuated by a new higher tariff.

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