Implicit Bias, Stereotype Threat, and Epistemic Injustice

Authored by: Jennifer Saul

The Routledge Handbook of Epistemic Injustice

Print publication date:  April  2017
Online publication date:  March  2017

Print ISBN: 9781138828254
eBook ISBN: 9781315212043
Adobe ISBN: 9781351814508

10.4324/9781315212043.ch22

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Abstract

Epistemic injustice is, broadly speaking, about ways that members of marginalized groups may be wronged in their capacity as knowers, due to prejudicial stereotypes. Members of marginalized groups are also the main subjects of concern in discussions of implicit bias and stereotype threat. Those writing on implicit bias are primarily concerned with the ways that largely unconscious, largely automatic associations and stereotypes may play a role in how we interact with members of stigmatized groups. And those writing on stereotype threat are primarily concerned with the ways that awareness of negative stereotypes about one’s group may impair performance. A key concern in discussions of both implicit bias and stereotype threat has been the effects of these phenomena on academic endeavours. It may seem clear, then, what the relationship is between epistemic injustice, implicit bias, and stereotype threat: at first glance, it would appear that implicit bias and stereotype threat are simply varieties of epistemic injustice.

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