European SMEs and the Born Global concept

Authored by: Øystein Moen , Alex Rialp-Criado

The Routledge Companion to European Business

Print publication date:  July  2018
Online publication date:  July  2018

Print ISBN: 9781138226586
eBook ISBN: 9781315397306
Adobe ISBN:


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Newly established firms with early involvement in international markets have received considerable attention during the past 25 years. These firms have been labelled ‘Born Globals’ (Rennie 1993), ‘International New Ventures’ (McDougall et al. 1994), ‘Instant Internationals’ (Preece et al. 1999) or ‘Global Start-ups’ (Jolly et al. 1992), while the research stream has often been defined as International Entrepreneurship (McDougall and Oviatt 2000; Peiris et al. 2012). We will use the term ‘Born Global’, referring to firms with significant international sales within a short time of inception.

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