Landscape Formation Processes

Authored by: Michael P. Heilen , Michael Brian Schiffer , J. Jefferson Reid

Handbook of Landscape Archaeology

Print publication date:  December  2008
Online publication date:  June  2016

Print ISBN: 9781598742947
eBook ISBN: 9781315427737
Adobe ISBN: 9781315427720


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In the early 1970s, two University of Arizona graduate students and a University of Arizona junior faculty member founded “behavioral archaeology.” Behavioral archaeology was formulated as a new approach to investigating people-material interactions in all times and places (Reid 1995; Reid et al. 1974; Reid et al. 1975; Schiffer 1975, 1999). Since that time, behavioral archaeologists have made important advances in the study of prehistory, history, social change, technology, and communication (LaMotta 2001; LaMotta and Schiffer 2001; Reid and Whittlesey 1987 1997, 1999; Schiffer 1988, 1996, 2002; Schiffer and Miller 1999; Schiffer and Skibo 1987, 1997; Walker 1999; Walker et al. 2000; Zedeño and Stoffle 2003; Zedeño 2000). One major focus of behavioral archaeology has been the study of formation processes (Binford 1979; Reid 1985; Schiffer 1983, 1987; Shott 1998, 2006). As an essential component of behavioral archaeology—not its totality—the conceptual place of formation processes in landscape archaeology is the focus of this chapter.

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