Landscapes of Power, Institution, and Incarceration

Authored by: Eleanor Conlin Casella

Handbook of Landscape Archaeology

Print publication date:  December  2008
Online publication date:  June  2016

Print ISBN: 9781598742947
eBook ISBN: 9781315427737
Adobe ISBN: 9781315427720

10.4324/9781315427737.ch60

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Abstract

How do people experience confinement? With scholars, reformists, philanthropists, social engineers, clinicians, and politicians writing about incarceration since the late 18th century, a vast interdisciplinary literature exists on the institutional landscape. While historians and architects have examined how early communal forms of social welfare and punishment transformed into the stark penitentiaries and fortified compounds of the 20th century (Evans 1982; Ignatieff 1978), criminologists, legal theorists, and philosophers have debated the relative civic effects of imprisonment as a mode of punishment, deterrence, and retribution (Garland 1990; Howe 1994).

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