Tailgating and air quality

Authored by: Jonathan M. Casper , Kyle S. Bunds

Routledge Handbook of Sport and the Environment

Print publication date:  August  2017
Online publication date:  July  2017

Print ISBN: 9781138666153
eBook ISBN: 9781315619514
Adobe ISBN:


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The energy required to operate a sports venue is fairly minor compared to the energy that fans expend in simply getting to a game (Koerner, 2009). No matter how big the facility, the largest carbon impact of sports events typically comes from fan travel and activities (Orts & Spigonardo, 2013).

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