Religious Sciences

Authored by: Camilla Adang

The Routledge Handbook Of Muslim Iberia

Print publication date:  April  2020
Online publication date:  April  2020

Print ISBN: 9781138649149
eBook ISBN: 9781315625959
Adobe ISBN:


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Religious thought and practice in al-Andalus were dominated throughout most of its history by the Maliki school, which enjoyed the support of subsequent ruling dynasties – except the Almohads – and zealously guarded its privileged position. However, Mālikism had to adapt itself to changing realities such as the increasing demand to base legal decisions on the Sunna of the Prophet Muḥammad and on the Qurʾan rather than on the personal opinions of the school’s founding fathers. Although an extensive jurisprudential literature started to be produced from the 3rd/9th century onwards, other disciplines such as ḥadīth criticism, legal hermeneutics and theology lagged behind and fully came into their own only in the 5th/11th century under the influence of literature imported from the Islamic East by Andalusi and foreign scholars. It is from then on that we find all branches of religious scholarship in al-Andalus represented at a very high level, attracting even scholars from abroad, when before the exchange of knowledge had flowed in the opposite direction.

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