Replication and Fragmentation

The Taifa kingdoms

Authored by: Alejandro García-Sanjuán

The Routledge Handbook Of Muslim Iberia

Print publication date:  April  2020
Online publication date:  April  2020

Print ISBN: 9781138649149
eBook ISBN: 9781315625959
Adobe ISBN:


 Download Chapter



The fifth/eleventh century is a decisive period in the history of al-Andalus. The end of the Umayyad Caliphate forced Muslims to confront the problem of community leadership. It also led to territorial division giving rise to the so-called Taifa kingdoms. They often confronted each other while reaching agreements with the Christians that frequently entailed the payment of tribute (parias). In this situation of uncertainty and political weakness, the beginning of the Christian conquering expansion produced the definitive loss of cities such as Coimbra (456/1064) and, above all, Toledo (478/1085). A complete alteration of the relationship of forces until then current in the Iberian Peninsula between Muslims and Christians ensued, opening the way for the intervention of the Berber empires formed on the other side of the Straits.

Search for more...
Back to top

Use of cookies on this website

We are using cookies to provide statistics that help us give you the best experience of our site. You can find out more in our Privacy Policy. By continuing to use the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.