Berber Rule and Abbasid Legitimacy

The Almoravids (434/1042–530/1147)

Authored by: Camilo Gómez-Rivas

The Routledge Handbook Of Muslim Iberia

Print publication date:  April  2020
Online publication date:  April  2020

Print ISBN: 9781138649149
eBook ISBN: 9781315625959
Adobe ISBN:

10.4324/9781315625959-5

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Abstract

The Almoravids (al-Murābiṭūn, 434/1042–530/1147) were a Saharan Berber tribal federation who conquered the western Maghrib and most of al-Andalus in the second half of the fifth/eleventh century. They were the first indigenous group to unify this part of the Maghrib and the first Maghrib-based empire to conquer al-Andalus. They revolutionized the political structures of both regions through a novel combination of local elements with others adopted from the broader Islamic world. Their strategies for political legitimation, which included the concept of Abbasid investiture, illustrate this novel combination.

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