Preventing Gentrification-Induced Displacement in the U.S.

A Review of the Literature and a Call for Evaluation Research

Authored by: Miriam Zuk

The Routledge Handbook of Housing Policy and Planning

Print publication date:  July  2019
Online publication date:  July  2019

Print ISBN: 9781138188433
eBook ISBN: 9781315642338
Adobe ISBN:

10.4324/9781315642338-23

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Abstract

The processes of gentrification and displacement continue to be highly contested in their definitions, causes, impacts, and potential policy responses. This chapter reviews the academic literature on displacement in both gentrifying and non-gentrifying U.S. neighborhoods, concluding that displacement is a separate yet overlapping process with that of gentrification that accounts for a significant share of annual household moves. The practitioner literature on anti-displacement is then reviewed and summarized along the three pillars of neighborhood stabilization, production, and preservation of affordable housing. The literature on the impacts of rent control on household turnover demonstrates the protective nature of such rent regulations. Debates between the relative importance of market-rate versus subsidized production on housing affordability and displacement have remained understudied. Further research is needed to better understand the potential impacts of the diverse range of anti-displacement strategies necessary to inform policy.

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