The Ny?ya on inference and fallacies

Authored by: J. L. Shaw

History of Indian Philosophy

Print publication date:  December  2017
Online publication date:  November  2017

Print ISBN: 9780415309769
eBook ISBN: 9781315666792
Adobe ISBN:

10.4324/9781315666792-18

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Abstract

This chapter discusses (1) the Ny?ya concept of inference for others, and (2) the types of fallacies, including the logical as well as the epistemological fallacies and their classifications. It is to be noted that the Ny?ya logicians emphasize the relevance condition in addition to the truth of the premises in a valid inference. Relevance is a relation which relates the contents of two sentences or expressions. Hence for the explanation of ‘relevance’ also Indian philosophy is relevant to contemporary philosophy as some contemporary logicians are not happy with the classical logic of Frege–Russell.

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