Oyster-Generated Marine Habitats

Their services, enhancement, restoration and monitoring

Authored by: Loren D. Coen , Austin T. Humphries

Routledge Handbook of Ecological and Environmental Restoration

Print publication date:  May  2017
Online publication date:  May  2017

Print ISBN: 9781138922129
eBook ISBN: 9781315685977
Adobe ISBN:


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The focus of this chapter is on reef-forming native and non-native bivalves (oysters primarily), where restoration efforts for non-extractive services have been directed since the 1990s (Luckenbach et al. 1999). Coastal estuarine habitats are recognized as some of the most productive and important aquatic ecosystems worldwide, providing foraging, nursery, and spawning habitats for ecologically and economically important organisms. Simultaneously they are also some of the most heavily degraded ecosystems on the planet (Lotze et al. 2006).

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