Creation in Islam from the Qur??n to Al-F?r?b?

Authored by: Michael Chase

The Routledge Companion to Islamic Philosophy

Print publication date:  September  2015
Online publication date:  August  2015

Print ISBN: 9780415881609
eBook ISBN: 9781315708928
Adobe ISBN: 9781317484332


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This article deals with the notion of creation in general and creation ex nihilo in particular, in Islamic thought from the Qur??n to al-F?r?b?. Following a broadly chronological scheme, we will pay particular attention to the technical term ibd?‘ (“origination,” “creation”), as it emerged and evolved in the context of the interplay between intra-Islamic debates (fal?sifa vs. kal?m) on the nature of creation, and as it underwent the influence of late Greek thought, particularly that of John Philoponus. Participants in the Circle of al-Kind? (Endress 1997) played a particularly important role in the tradition by developing from the thought of Philoponus a creationist metaphysics of atemporal instantaneous divine action.

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