Learning-to-Speak and Speaking-to-Learn

Five Categories of Learning Opportunity

Authored by: Jonathan Newton

Handbook of Research in Second Language Teaching and Learning

Print publication date:  December  2016
Online publication date:  November  2016

Print ISBN: 9781138859814
eBook ISBN: 9781315716893
Adobe ISBN: 9781317508366

10.4324/9781315716893.ch17

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Abstract

Speech is ubiquitous in language classrooms, just as it is privileged in popular language teaching methods, both traditional and contemporary. This is true even of approaches which otherwise share little common ground, such as the Audio-lingual Method and Task-based Language Teaching (TBLT). However, as Hughes (2012) notes, “there may be a great deal of speaking going on in classrooms, but this may be different from the effective teaching of speaking as holistic skill” (p. 7). In other words, much of the speaking in classrooms plays a ‘speaking-to-learn’ rather than a ‘learning-to-speak’ role, a distinction Hughes also makes.

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