Reasoning and argumentation

Authored by: Hugo Mercier

The Routledge International Handbook of Thinking and Reasoning

Print publication date:  November  2017
Online publication date:  November  2017

Print ISBN: 9781138849303
eBook ISBN: 9781315725697
Adobe ISBN:


 Download Chapter



Reasoning can be understood as the private mental act of accepting or rejecting a conclusion based on reasons supporting or attacking this conclusion. For instance, Paul hesitates between going to the Japanese restaurant and to the Mexican restaurant, but then he remembers that he’s a bit hard up at the moment, and that the Japanese restaurant is more expensive; then he has a reason to pick the Mexican place. Argumentation, which involves reasoning, is a public act of using reasons to convince others and to evaluate others’ reasons to decide whether one ought to be convinced. Knowing that Lara is also on a budget, Paul could use the same reason to convince her that Mexican is the best option, and she could evaluate this reason to make sure it is sound.

Search for more...
Back to top

Use of cookies on this website

We are using cookies to provide statistics that help us give you the best experience of our site. You can find out more in our Privacy Policy. By continuing to use the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.