Problem solving

Authored by: Robert W. Weisberg

The Routledge International Handbook of Thinking and Reasoning

Print publication date:  November  2017
Online publication date:  November  2017

Print ISBN: 9781138849303
eBook ISBN: 9781315725697
Adobe ISBN:

10.4324/9781315725697-34

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Abstract

The phenomenon of problem solving can be looked upon as a crossroads, where many different processes come together in service of the needs and goals of an individual. Over the past 35 years, the pace of research in problem solving has quickened and its scope has broadened (Weisberg, 2006, 2015). Much of that recent development has been driven by an increased emphasis on the phenomenon of insight in problem solving. This renewed emphasis on insight has had catalytic effects, as researchers have forged connections between problem solving and other aspects of cognition, including the role of executive processes in problem solving and the applicability of dual-process theories of thinking to problem solving and creativity. The new wave of research has also seen pioneering efforts aimed at isolating brain activity underlying insight.

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