Reflections on human rights before and after the Arab Spring

Authored by: Bahey eldin Hassan

Routledge Handbook on Human Rights and the Middle East and North Africa

Print publication date:  November  2016
Online publication date:  November  2016

Print ISBN: 9781138807679
eBook ISBN: 9781315750972
Adobe ISBN: 9781317613763


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Following the Arab Spring, many Arabs hoped they had left behind the era of extraordinary and routine human rights violations. Extraordinary violations, however, such as the gunning down of civilians, mass rape, and the use of chemical weapons against innocent populations have continued to this day. Routine violations have also continued, including under ‘routine’ such tactics as torture, assassination, violent suppression of peaceful protest, and systematic assault on freedom of opinion, expression, assembly, association, and union participation. As before, whether extraordinary or routine, the perpetrators of these crimes have not been held accountable through either national or international means. So these crimes continue.

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