Protecting the marine environment

Controlling pollution in the Coral Triangle

Authored by: Ann Marie Manhart

Routledge Handbook of Environment and Society in Asia

Print publication date:  August  2014
Online publication date:  September  2014

Print ISBN: 9780415659857
eBook ISBN: 9781315774862
Adobe ISBN: 9781317685715

10.4324/9781315774862.ch17

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Abstract

The Coral Triangle is an area lying in the West Pacific spanning the seas of the Philippines, Malaysia, Indonesia, Timor Leste, Papua New Guinea and the Solomon Islands. A recent study conducted by the University of Queensland in Australia in cooperation with WWF (World Wide Fund for Nature) has identified this region to be the ‘birthplace of the seas,’ where a significant amount of marine organisms spawn only to travel to different parts of the world. The Coral Triangle encompasses only 1% of the world’s oceans, yet it contains 76% of reef-building species and 37% of coral reef fish (Hoegh-Guldberg et al. 2009).

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